Ayurveda & Sexology
Emerging from the Indus Valley culture, Ayurveda is considered the oldest complete health system in existence today. It has been practiced continuously for over five thousand years. Its recorded origins reach back to the Vedic civilization some 6,000 years ago.
The name Ayurveda is derived from two Sanskrit words, Ayur meaning life and longevity, and Veda meaning knowledge of science. In other words Ayurveda means the “the Science of Life” that teaches us to live life in a true and natural balance. It is the traditional natural healing system of India, being practiced here for over 6000 years.
It is likely that Ayurved possesses the longest clinical experience of any medical system known.
Ayurveda has recognized the extreme importance of sex in Human Life. Ayurveda regards that, sex is extremely necessary for our Happy, Healthy, Mental and physical life.
Ayurveda consisted of eight branches: (Ashtang Ayurveda) Surgery, Internal Medicine, Gynecology and Pediatrics, Toxicology, Otorhinolaryngology (ears, nose and throat), Psychiatry, Rejuvenation (Geriatrics), and Sexology (Vajikaran chikitsa).
Hence out of its Eightfold parts, Ayurveda has devoted one full, descriptive chapter on sexology, i.e. ‘Vajikarana’. The word Vajikarana is derived from combination of two Sanskrit words. Vaji + karana = Vajikarana. ‘Vaji in Sanskrit means Horse. ‘karana’ means ‘to do’ or ‘to make’.
Hence Vajikarana means to make oneself strong like a Horse in Sex Life. The animal Horse is supposed to be the most powerful in sex. Hence symbol of a Horse is chosen in “Ayurvedic Sexology”.
Defination of Vajikarana :- The Ayurvedic physician Charaka has defined Vajikarana as ‘Yena Narishu Samarthyam Vajivat labhate Naraha
I Vrajet cha abhyadhikam yena Vajikarana ev tat II (Charak Samhita Chikitsasthana)
It means that ___‘Vajikarana (Sexology) is the one which makes a man strong like a Horse (Vaji) and like a steel in sex Act.
Another Ayurvedic expert vagbhata defined Vajikarana as,
VaJikarana is that by which one becomes strong like a Horse (Vaji) and enjoy sex without any fatigue and becomes strong and most lovable to woman. VaJikarana gives strength.
Vajikarana Chikitsa is that branch of ashtang ayurved, which deals with all types of physical, and psychological sexual problems like impotence, libido, poor erection and early ejaculation in males and sterility, frigidity in females.
Charaka, in his great Ayurvedic classic writing Charaka Samhita, states the use of aphrodisiacs as mentioned in ayurvedic therapies enhance one’s potency.
Ayurvedic anatomy and physiology are based on three factors – dosh (basic body constituents), dhatu (body tissues) and mala (body wastes.) Ayurved believes that dhatu give structure to the body and they are the ones who function for the body under the governance of the dosha.
In all, there are seven dhatu: rasa, rakta, mansa, med, asthi, majja and shukra. From rasa (life sap) the body develops rakta (blood), from rakta it develops mansa (muscles), from mansa is developed med (fat), from med is developed asthi (bones), from asthi the body develops majja (nervous system) and from majja is generated shukra (reproductive elements in the body).
Shukra is honored as the supreme body tissue, end product of body metabolism. Therefore, for sexual satisfaction, for strength-expressing performance and for better progeny, the shukra dhatu should be in good state, and for this, the dhatu chain should persistently function well. This is where Vajikaran drugs (aphrodisiacs) come into play. They help in giving strength and vigor to the shukra dhatu and in the long run to the body.
Because semen is the visible end product of the functioning of the chain of dhatu, practitioners of ayurveda started believing that semen is very valuable and that it should not be wasted only for the sake of pleasure. The sole purpose of shukra should be to produce healthy progeny, which is the base of tomorrow’s healthy society.
This was believed by society and generations after generations said that if the whole of society followed these guidelines strictly then it would produce tejaswi (bright and brilliant) and ojaswi (those who have a stronger vital force supporting their life) progeny. A general understanding was to have sex for a better society and not for pleasure and hence, Vajikaran drugs gained an important place in society.
Ayurveda strongly believed that a weak shukra dhatu was the culprit behind all male and female sexual problems. Vajikaran tantra (technique) claims that it has tips for normal, healthy and mature shukra dhatu, which is ultimately essential for satisfying and productive sex.
As per the Vajikaran Chikitsa, celibacy is essential for good health. It helps increase the will power, intellect and memory, in addition to a healthy body.
The shukra dhatu has a direct link with ojas or the immunity of the body. Hence, Vajikaran prescribed the therapeutic use of various aphrodisiacs and tonic preparations for enhancing the vigor and reproductive capabilities of men that also strengthens other body tissues (dhatus) like muscles, fats, bones and blood. Vajikarana is mainly concerned with therapies concerning specific remedies for male infertility and impotence as well as female infertility.
Apart from being good aphrodisiacs, these induce and immediate sense of pleasurable excitement, along with increased fertile seminal secretions, even in an ageing person.
Vajikaran Chikitsa branch of Ashtang Ayurved states the reason for sexual inefficiency and directs the use of several aphrodisiac herbs and minerals to enhance the vitality.
The therapy, which renders a person potent enough to produce a healthy offspring; provides instantaneous sexual arousal to the extent that one can perform uninterrupted sexual act; nourishes the tissues so that even in old age semen is not diminished; brings about happiness, longevity, beauty, strength, and nourishment is known as Vajikarana. The drugs used for the promotion of sexual health and for treating the male.
Sexual disorders have been classified in different groups :-
1) Vajikarana (Aphrodisiac)
The drug which provide sexual satisfaction and vajikarana.
e.g. Nagabala (kapikacchu).
2) Shukra janana (Spermatogenetic)
The drugs, which enhance production of sperm, are shukra janana.
e.g. Mudgaparni, Mashaparni, Shatavari, Aswagandha, Musali.
3) Shukra pravartaka
The drugs, which enhances the production as well as flow / ejaculation of semen are shukra pravartaka.
e.g. milk, masha (black gram), amalaki, and phalamajja.
4) Shukra rechana
The drugs, which cause evacuation of semen (shukra) are shukra rechana.
e.g. Fruits of Brihati and Kantakari.
5) Shukra Stambhaka
The drugs, which promote the retention power of a male partner during the sexual act.
e.g. Jathiphala, Akarkara.
6) Shukra Shoshaka
The drugs, which dry up the screen.
e.g. Haritaki and Kalinga.
7) Shukra sodhana (Semen Purifier)
Purifier of semen are Shukra – Shodhana
e.g. Kushtha, Elavaluka, Katphala, Samudraphena, gum of kadamba, Ikshu, Kandekshu, Kokilaksha and Ushira.
8) Some preparations of Vajikarana
1.Virya shodhana vati
3.Sidha makardhwaj vati
5.Vasant kusumakar ras
10.Pushap Dhanva Ras
11.Shri Gopal Tail
12.Ashwa Gandhadi Tail